Updated by Ariel Pino on 02.05.2014
Senegal's social security system covers eight of the nine social risks, with unemployment being the exception, listed in Convention No. 102, which was ratified by the country in 1962. Since the 1990s, mutual benefit organizations have been developing in the informal economy, offering micro-insurance products centred essentially on health coverage. Social protection also includes a set of measures and social assistance programmes targeting the poorest and most vulnerable populations.
Despite this set of measures and programmes, coverage remains limited: security schemes apply to only 6 per cent of the active population (workers, salaried employees of the formal public and private sectors) and mutual benefit organizations to only 2 to 3 per cent.
Over the past few years, Senegal has adopted and implemented a set of policies and strategies to extend social protection. With the establishment of the General Delegation for Social Protection and National Solidarity (Délégation générale à la protection sociale et à la solidarité nationale, DGPSN) reporting to the president, the country is seeking to organize a more coherent structure for its national social protection system.
Social protection in Senegal therefore provides a set of public and private measures and programmes that can be divided into four groups:
- Compulsory social security scheme and the mechanisms intended for salaried workers in the formal public, para-public, and private sectors;
- Voluntary mutual health organization schemes;
- Social assistance measures and programmes;
- Generalized subsidies of certain food products and fuel to protect the populations.