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contributory benefit

Entitlement to a benefit is based on contributions from insured persons and/or their employer. [ref. 6622]

means-tested benefits

Benefits that are granted only upon proof of need. Different types of income or assets, such as capital, earnings, benefits and other payments may be taken into account in the aggregate for the purpose of determining whether the applicants are eligible for benefit at all and the amount of benefit which will be granted. [ref. 6622]

non-contributory benefit

Entitlement to a benefit is not based on the previous payment of contributions but on other criteria. Non-contributory benefits are usually financed out of general taxation. [ref. 6622]

public pension scheme

Pension scheme administered by a public entity. [ref. 8030]

social protection

The term “social protection” is used to mean protection provided by social security systems in the case of social risks and needs. Social protection is often interpreted as having a broader character than social security (including, in particular, protection provided between members of the family or members of a local community). It is also used in some contexts with a narrower meaning than social security (understood as comprising only measures addressed to the poorest, most vulnerable or excluded members of society). Thus, unfortunately, in many contexts the terms “social security” and “social protection” are used interchangeably. [ref.23091]

social protection floor

The “Social Protection Floor” (SPF) is a basic set of social rights, services and facilities that every person should enjoy.

The United Nations suggests that a social protection floor could consist of two main elements that help to realize human rights:

  • services: geographical and financial access to essential services such as water and sanitation, health, and education;
  • transfers: a basic set of essential social transfers, in cash or in kind, to provide minimum income security and access to essential services, including health care. [Ref. 21960]