Updated by olivier Louis dit Guérin , Lou Tessier on 20.01.2014
The Strategy for Accelerated Growth and Employment Promotion (Stratégie de croissance accélérée et de promotion de l’emploi, SCAPE) 2013-2017 defines its third pillar as the development of human capital, social protection, and employment. This objective reflects the government’s will to promote social protection as one of the strategic pillars in the fight against poverty in Togo. In addition to this planning framework, social protection was formalized in several other documents, namely in the Constitution of 14 October 1992, the memorandum of agreement resulting from tripartite social dialogue in 2006 (Commitments No. 85 and 87), the second priority of the Decent Work Country Programme (DWCP), and the draft national policy paper on social protection, which was technically validated in June 2012.
Today, not all of the Togolese have complete coverage: the health service utilisation rate is 30 per cent, compared to the expected 80 per cent. About 9 per cent of the population receives a pension. The poverty rate remains high with 58.7 per cent, or 3.6 million, of Togolese living below the poverty line.
The current social protection schemes, namely the Pension Fund of Togo (Caisse de retraite du Togo, CRT), the National Social Security Fund (Caisse nationale de sécurité sociale, CNSS), and the National Health Insurance Institute (Institut national d’assurance maladie, INAM), primarily benefit workers in the formal sector. In the framework of universal health care, INAM will progressively cover workers in the private sector and the informal economy.
With the support of development partners and NGOs, community-based mutual health organizations were created in certain localities for households in the informal economy and rural areas in the Savanes, Centrale, Plateaux, and Maritime regions. However, their impact remains very weak and they do not yet offer a clear vision which could serve as a model on which to base social protection in these areas. Mutual health organizations cover less than 4 per cent of the population.
Assistance and poverty management are the responsibility of the National Solidarity Agency (Agence nationale de solidarité) and other government entities (the ministries in charge of social action, health, and civil protection). According to the review undertaken during the development of the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP) 2009-2011, assistance and poverty management “lack ample resources and strategic policies. Profiles of vulnerability and major disability have not been developed, which results in a great deal of approximation and improvisation with respect to coverage.”
With the support of external partners, Togo developed a National Social Protection Policy in 2012. The validation process of the national strategy, which will define the priorities, is ongoing. The strategy must take into account the costs of the proposed measures in relation to the resources available or which are to be mobilised.
With a view towards ensuring, among others, the coordination and monitoring of social protection interventions, the National Committee for the Promotion of Social Protection (Comité national de promotion de la protection sociale, CNPSS) was created on 18 October 2013. This committee was established on a tripartite basis and has been extended to civil society organizations. It is represented in all regions of Togo.