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Training Course on Designing and Implementing Unemployment Benefits Linking with Active Labour Market Policies, 7-16 October 2013

Sharing knowledge, experiences and lessons for the development of policies aimed at protecting and supporting the unemployed and underemployed in ASEAN and Mongolia

Bangkok and Ayutthaya, Thailand, 7-16 October 2013

The training course was organized by the ILO in partnership with the International Training Center of the ILO (ITC ILO) and the Chulalongkorn University of Thailand.

The training aimed at guiding policy makers in the design and implementation of integrated unemployment protection programmes and employment support policies. More specifically, the course explored different aspects of the design and implementation of unemployment protection schemes targeting at both informal and formal economy workers. This included international labour standards related to unemployment protection, financial aspects, laws and regulations, options for institutional set-up and importance of social dialogue in developing such measures.

More specifically, the training achieved the following objectives:

  • Understand the place of unemployment benefits and employment support in ILO’s strategy to extend social protection;
  • Learn about the ILO’s Conventions and Recommendations related to unemployment protection;
  • Determine the different parameters that will form an unemployment benefits scheme (contributory and non-contributory);
  • Learn tips from other experiences and good practices to facilitate the dialogue among social partners on unemployment benefits;
  • Calculate a cost estimate of unemployment protection measures by using ILO tools;
  • Envisage linkages between unemployment benefits and employment support services;
  • Provide inputs to draft the legal framework regulating the unemployment benefits schemes and amendments to existing laws;
  • Establish procedures to run a unemployment protection scheme;
  • Define a strategy and targets for the performance of the system;


The report of the training is now available!

ILO/Japan Project: Promoting unemployment insurance and employment services in ASEAN

The training builds on two and half year of research, documentation of experiences, knowlege sharing and technical services facilitated by the ILO/Japan-ASEAN UI Project to ASEAN countries in search of improved unemployment protection for their workers.

Read more about the project.


Social Security (Minimum Standards) Convention, 1952 (No. 102)

Employment Promotion and Unemployment Protection Convention, 1988 (No. 168)

Recommendation on Social Protection Floors, 2012 (No. 202)

Comparative Review of unemployment and employment insurance experiences in Asia and worldwide


Flyer | Agenda | List of participants | Photographs | Report |  Videos - coming soon!


Module 0: Introduction and getting started: The course and How to use the Good Practices Guide?

Module 1: Introduction and extension of social protection: What role does unemployment protection play in a comprehensive social security system?

Module 2: International standards and ILO’s approach: What are ILO's Conventions and Recommendations on unemployment protection?

Module 3: Developing broad policy options on combined unemployment protection packages: How can a national consensus be reached on broad policy options for the improvement of unemployment protection?

Module 4: Institutional set-up: Who will be responsible for coordinating and implementing the combined unemployment protection package? Learning from the Ayutthaya Employment Services Centre.

Module 5: Legal framework: What are the implications and constituents of unemployment protection laws and regulations?

Module 6: Cost estimation: How much does it cost to have unemployment benefits? Who will pay for it and how can we ensure that the scheme will be sustainable?

Module 7: Implementation schedule and operations: How can effective procedures be established, in order to guarantee effective implementation of the system?

Module 8: Monitoring and evaluation: How can we keep improving the system?

Module 9: Recap, evaluation and conclusion: What have we learned and how can the network of expertise be maintained?

Case study 1: The challenge of providing unemployment insurance and non-contributory income protection in Coresia

Case study 2: The challenge of providing employment insurance linked to active labour market policies in Coresia

Case study 3: The challenge of providing income support and employment guarantee to the youth in Coresia

Case study 4: The challenge of providing basic income security and enhancing skills of rural Coresia

Case study 5: The challenge of improving skills and providing access to better jobs in Coresia

Download the course time-table


Monday 7 October

Session M0.1: Opening

                      Introduction & determining participants' expectations from the course

Session M1.1: Unemployment protection, part of a comprehensive social security system by Valerie Schmitt & Celine Bista, ILO

Session M1.1: Challenges for extending social protection in ASEAN by Valerie Schmitt, ILO

                      Labour mobility in ASEAN by Dr. Sineenat Sermcheep, Chulalongkorn University

Session M1.4: Who wants to be a protectionnaire?


Tuesday 8 October

Session M2.1: ILO standards for unemployment protection by Céline Peyron-Bista, ILO

                      Group exercise: Comparative review of national laws with ILO's Conventions

Session M2.2: Review of different UI and EI schemes by Celine Peyron Bista, ILO

                      Active Labour Market Policies by Loveleen De, ILO

Session M2.3: ASEAN’s experiences

                      The development of the UI scheme in Thailand by Rangsima Preechachard, Social Security Office, Thailand

                      The Unemployment Insurance Scheme in Viet Nam, Ministry of Labour, Invalids and Social Affairs, Viet Nam

                      The National Training Fund in Cambodia, Hay Hunleng, National Employment Agency, Cambodia

                      The wish jar, REACH Vocational Training Programme, "One day on earth" Project, By Paul Zetter, Viet Nam


Wednesday 9 October

Session M3.1: Understanding the labour market and social protection situation by Célline Peyron-Bista, ILO

Session M3.2: Falicitating a national dialogue for the introduction of UI

                      Introduction by Célline Peyron-Bista, ILO

                      Facilitating National Dialogue in Philippines by Antonio C. Asper, FFW VP for External Affairs, Philippines

                      Implementing unemployment benefits integrated with ALMPs In Malaysia by Somasundram Karuppiah, MTUC

Intervention by Mohd Zakri Baharudin, MEF; Adiya Gorchinsuren, CMTU and Erdenebaatar Tsedn-Ayush, MONEF

Session M3.3: Case study Exercise 1: Developing recommendations to improve unemployment protection


Thursday 10 October

Session M4.1: Coordinating existing income security and employment support policies

                      Introduction by Celine P. Bista and John Carter

                      Case study Exercise 2: Mapping institutions

Session M4.2: Integrating unemployment benefits and employment services

                     Introduction of the SWS concept and the case of Cambodia by Thibault van Langenhove 

                     Presentation of the one-stop-shop service in Mongolia by Munkhzorig Bulgankhuu, Ministry of Labour, Mongolia

Session M5.1: Drafting the legal framework & enforcement of the laws

                      Introduction by John Carter

                     Case study Exercise 3: Preparing a draft law


Friday 11 October

Session M4.3: Visit to the Department of Labour, Social Security Office and Employement Centre of Ayatthaya

                     Presentation by the Provincial Labour Office


Monday 14 October

Session M6.1: From broad options to scenarios

                     Introduction by Loveleen De

                     Case study Exercise 4: Translating options into concrete scenarios

Session M6.2: Basic knowledge of costing and actuarial principles by Charles Crevier, ITC ILO

                     Exemple of dynamic graph by Charles Crevier, ITC ILO 

Session M6.3: Case study Exercise 5 - costing of unemployment protection schemes

                      Assumptions for unemployment benefits in Coresia, word document 

                      Additional data for UI calculations, excel spreadsheet 

                      Blank RAP for Coresia, excel spreadsheet 


Tuesday 15 October

Session M7: Operations by Ngo Thi Loan and John Carter, ILO

                   Example of training needs assessment  

Session M8: Monitoring & Evaluation by Ngo Thi Loan and John Carter, ILO


Wednesday 16 October

Session M9: Recap exercises

                    Presentation by group 1

                    Presentation by group 2

                    Presentation by group 3

                    Presentation by group 4

                    Presentation by group 5