Social Protection

Building social protection floors
and comprehensive social security systems


Estimating the Extra Costs for Disability for Social Protection Programs

Daniel Mont, Alex Cote, Jill Hanass-Hancock, Lena Morgon Banks, Vlad Grigorus, Ludovico Carraro, Zachary Morris and Monica Pinilla-Roncancio
Working paper
Consultations 963 / Download 656

Summary (English)

People with disabilities face extra costs of living, both those specific to disability, such as assistive devices and personal assistance, and general expenses, such as medical care and transportation. Without accounting for these costs, the impact of disability on socioeconomic outcomes will be underestimated. Furthermore, if social protection programs are not designed with these costs in mind, they will not be structured in a way that promotes equal participation and protection from poverty.

Several ways exist to measure these extra costs, each with its own uses, advantages, and disadvantages. This report explains these methods, how to implement them, their uses, and limitations. All these methods, however, show the large impact of disability on economic wellbeing.