Social Protection

Building social protection floors
and comprehensive social security systems


Quantitative tools
ILO Quantitative platform on social security (QPSS)

QPSS tools support evidence-based policy analysis and reforms. The ILO QPSS platform includes the Actuarial Pension Model (ILO/PENSIONS), the Social Security Inquiry (ILO/SSI), the Actuarial Health Models (ILO/HEALTH), the Social Protection Costing Tool (ILO/RAP) and the Poverty Impact Assessment Tool (ILO/POV)

World social protection data dashboards

This is the leading global source of in-depth country-level statistics on various dimensions of social protection systems, including key indicators for policymakers, officials of international organizations and researchers. It is used for both the UN’s monitoring of the SDGs and national monitoring of social protection indicators.

Social Protection Monitor

ILO’s Social Protection Monitor is based on a systematic analysis of media/news published online. The Monitor tracks announcements of measures that affect the functioning of a social protection system, from minor parametric adjustments to major developments and reforms, as well as social subsidies. The Monitor is a useful source to update and complement the comprehensive global social protection statistics reported in the ILO Social Security Inquiry.

Social Protection floor cost calculator

The ILO’s Social Protection Floors Calculator makes it possible to estimate the costs of child and orphan allowances, maternity benefits, public works programs for those without jobs, disability and old-age pensions.

Guides & Manuals
Extending social security coverage to workers in the informal economy. Lessons from international experience

This policy resource package serves as a reference for policy makers, workers’ and employers’ organizations and other stakeholders engaged in the development of social protection strategies, or the planning, design, implementation and monitoring of systems and schemes. This practical tool can help in developing viable policy options to address the multi-fold challenges of extending social protection to workers in the informal economy and facilitating transitions to formality.

Toolkit on ILO social security standards

This toolkit was developed with the aim of raising awareness about ILO social security standards and promoting their ratification as well as increasing their impact and application in national contexts. It provides practical and useful insights as to the ratification procedure, model instruments of ratification as well as interactive information on the relevance and key provisions of the ILO standards.

Extending social protection to migrant workers, refugees, and their families

This ILO/ISSA guide provides an overview of policy options and country practices to extend social protection to migrant workers, refugees and their families.

Fiscal space for social protection. A handbook for assessing financing options

This handbook provides guidelines to assess financing options to extend social protection coverage and benefits. All of the financing options described in this handbook are supported by policy statements of the United Nations and international financial institutions – and governments around the world have been applying them for decades, showing a wide variety of revenue choices. 

Pension primer. A toolbox to achieve equitable and sustainable pension systems

This online pension primer provides key learning materials on pension system design, policy options, benefit adequacy, statistics, video tutorials, country cases and more. The pension primer includes three video tutorials on administration, design options and reform of pension systems.

Inter-Agency Social Protection Assessments (ISPA)

ISPA tools support countries in building coherent social protection systems, ensuring complementarity between initiatives, coordination across sectors, sufficient scale for addressing needs as well as strengthening effective and efficient service delivery systems. ISPA tools have been developed by the world’s leading social protection specialists from more than 20 international organizations and development partners, with strong partnerships from Governments. 

Social protection assessment-based national dialogue. A global guide

This guide helps users to conduct assessment-based national dialogue (ABND) exercises, which are the first step towards implementing nationally defined social protection floors. The ABND exercise is based on national multi-stakeholder dialogue concerning social protection strategies, challenges and concrete areas of action. It offers a unique opportunity for UN agencies to build on the synergies of one another and deliver as “One UN” for more efficiency and greater impact.

Access the online e-learning package

Unemployment protection. A good practices guide and training package

This unemployment protection guide provides guidelines and tools to conduct training sessions and workshops on unemployment protection. In addition, it can be used as a toolkit by policy-makers to conduct feasibility studies for the design of unemployment benefits schemes for both informal and formal economy workers that are linked with employment promotion policies. 

Financing social protection

This book offers a comprehensive overview of the many financing options available while also provides a thorough analysis of their advantages and disadvantages and their financial and economic implications. It presents a "methodological toolbox" from which social protection planners, managers and social policy analysts can work.