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Social Protection

Building social protection floors and comprehensive social security systems

Toolkit on ILO Social Security Standards

Learn, Ratify and Apply

This Toolkit was developed with the aim of raising awareness about ILO social security standards and promoting their ratification as well as increasing their impact and application in national contexts. The toolkit provides very practical and useful insights as to the ratification procedure, model instruments of ratification as well as interactive information on the relevance and key provisions of these standards.

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Discover ILO Social Security Standards & why ratifying them is important?

As a standard-setting organization, the ILO has developed a comprehensive set of international social security Conventions and Recommendations. These instruments establish the core principles on which comprehensive social security systems should be based, as well as the key parameters ensuring their sustainability and adequacy.

ILO Social Security Standards

C183
 
Maternity Protection
 
R191
C168
 
Employment Promotion and Protection against Unemployment
 
R176
C130
 
Medical Care and Sickness Benefits
 
R134
C128
 
Invalidity, Old-Age and Survivors' Benefits
 
R131
C121
 
Employment Injury Benefits
 
R121
C102
 
Social Security (Minimum Standards)
Social Protection Floors
 
R202

Click on the documents below to find out more about what makes ILO social security standards unique and why ratifying them is important for ILO member States.

Take the quiz on Convention No. 102 Social Security (Minimum Standards)

How to ratify ILO Social Security Conventions?

ILO Conventions are international treaties open to ratification by ILO member States. The ratification process of international treaties is determined by every country's Constitution. Nonetheless, there are steps that are common to most ratification processes as well as good practices identified over the years by the ILO that can guide and assist ILO constituents willing to embark on the process of ratifying an ILO Convention.

Main steps common to ratification processes

Step 1
Step 2
Step 3
Step 4
Step 5
Step 6
Assessment of national law and practice against requirement of Convention (if necessary with ILO Support) and validation of conclusions with ILO
Tripartite endorsement of compatibility assessment, and establishment of roadmap towards ratification
Ratification process according to national constitutional requirements
Transmission of instrument of ratification to ILO Director General; registration of ratification as of the date of deposit or receipt
Entry into force of Convention 12 months after the date of ratification
First report on application of the Convention in the year following the entry into force
Periodic reporting every 6 years

Click on the documents below for more information on how to ratify ILO social security Conventions as well as specific country examples on the process leading to the ratification of ILO social security Conventions.

Reference documents

Comparative assessments between ILO social security standards and national law and practice

Ratification briefs documenting national ratification processes

Status of ratification of up-to-date Social Security Conventions

Explore other useful resources

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