Social Protection

Building social protection floors and comprehensive social security systems


contributory benefit

Entitlement to a benefit is based on contributions from insured persons and/or their employer. [ref. 6622]

means-tested benefits

Benefits that are granted only upon proof of need. Different types of income or assets, such as capital, earnings, benefits and other payments may be taken into account in the aggregate for the purpose of determining whether the applicants are eligible for benefit at all and the amount of benefit which will be granted. [ref. 6622]

non-contributory benefit

Entitlement to a benefit is not based on the previous payment of contributions but on other criteria. Non-contributory benefits are usually financed out of general taxation. [ref. 6622]

public pension scheme

Pension scheme administered by a public entity. [ref. 8030]

social protection floor

The “Social Protection Floor” (SPF) is a basic set of social rights, services and facilities that every person should enjoy.

The United Nations suggests that a social protection floor could consist of two main elements that help to realize human rights:

  • services: geographical and financial access to essential services such as water and sanitation, health, and education;
  • transfers: a basic set of essential social transfers, in cash or in kind, to provide minimum income security and access to essential services, including health care. [Ref. 21960]