Social Protection

Building social protection floors
and comprehensive social security systems

Cambodia

SDG 1.3.1 Effective coverage
6.2 %

2019 ILO - World Social Protection Report 2017-2019

Affiliated to health insurance
31.4 %

2019 WHO - THE GLOBAL HEALTH OBSERVATORY

Public expenditure on healthcare
1.4 %

2017 WHO - THE GLOBAL HEALTH OBSERVATORY

Public expenditure on social protection
0.9 %

2017 GSW - Government Spending Watch (planned)

Situation and Priorities
Social protection situation

Cambodia developed a National Social Protection Policy Framework 2016 – 2025 (NSPPF), with the long term vision of building an effective and financially sustainable system which serves as a policy tool to reduce poverty, vulnerability, and inequality, while at the same time boosting human development and national economic growth.

The National Social Security Fund (NSSF), launched in 2007, manages national social insurance schemes covering work injury, (and since 2016) health insurance including sickness and maternity for workers in large enterprises (more than 8 employees) and as of 2018, workers in SMEs. The fund currently covers 2.6 million workers (2020).

Social assistance for poor and vulnerable people is mostly provided on a small scale by donors and non-governmental organizations. All programs use the Identification of Poor Households Programme (IDPoor), a social registry administered by the Ministry of Planning (MoP).

COVID-19

Government social protection measures to mitigate the socio-economic impact of COVID-19 include implementing a temporary cash transfer scheme for poor families identified through the government's Identification of Poor Households Program (IDPoor). The cash transfer is for approximately 560,000 households, providing between US$10 and US$50.

Government priorities
  • The government's main aim is to successfully roll-out the NSPPF nationwide and to prioritize the expansion of contributory schemes to uncovered workers and the informal economy.
  • COVID-19 caused Cambodia to delay the launch of contributory and non-contributory pensions. This will be a priority once the economic impact of the pandemic has been properly evaluated. The ILO has supported the whole process, from the drafting of the law to organizing consultations with social partners.
Results

During the first phase of the Global Flagship Programme on Building Social Protection Floors for All (2016-2020), the ILO has mainly been active in contributory social protection, working closely with the NSSF. It has assisted policy development and drafting of laws, conducted actuarial studies to assess the fiscal position of existing schemes and estimate costs of new ones, and engaged in capacity building activities for the NSSF and social partners to improve organization, collaboration, and accountability.

For more details on ILO contributions to country results, see below.

Funding gaps / Support the ILO
  • US$720,000: Build a culture of social security and register up to 1.5 million SME workers.
  • US$1,000,000: Extend coverage to the agricultural sector, potentially extending coverage to up to 3.5 million people.
Videos
ILO Experts
Nuno Meira Simoes Cunha
Sr Technical Spec, Social Protection
Sokgech Heng
National Programme Officer
Jie Yu Koh (Finn)
Programme Manager
Quynh Anh Nguyen
Social Protection Technical Officer
  Sophorn Tun
National Coordinator