Social Protection

Building social protection floors and comprehensive social security systems


Social security is a basic human right. What does this imply?

Social security is a basic human right enshrined in major international human rights instruments such as The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, The International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, and The Declaration of Philadelphia (annex to the Constitution of the International Labour Organization). It was further reaffirmed as a basic human right and a fundamental means for creating social cohesion by the International Labour Conference in 2001.

Governments have to organize access and levels of services through legislative and regulatory means. It is the responsibility of the Government to design an adapted legal framework.

What are economic, social and cultural rights?

Economic, social and cultural rights are rights people are entitled to for the necessities of life and that give social and economic security. Examples include the right to cultural identity, as well as the right to food, shelter, health care, etc.

What are human rights?

Human rights are the rights all human beings are entitled to. They are held by all persons equally and universally, irrespective of their nationality, color, race, gender, ethnicity, religion, sexuality, language, etc. Human rights are inalienable (they cannot be taken away by others), interdependent (complementary) and indivisible (of equal importance, no hierarchy).