Social Protection

Building social protection floors and comprehensive social security systems

Glossary

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A B C D E F G H I J K L M

N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

earmarked taxes impuestos de asignación específica, recettes fiscales affectées

Levies and specially designated taxes raised to finance specific social security benefits. [ref. 6622]

economic growth crecimiento económico, croissance économique

Change over time of the income produced by an economy. Usually applied to "real" GDP, i.e. nominal GDP in constant prices of a base year. It can be linear, exponential, logistic or otherwise. Standard policy paradigm claims (exponential) economic growth to be necessary for reducing poverty and solving labour market problems nationally and worldwide. This view has been challenged for environmental and other reasons. [ref. 8030]

economically active population población económicamente activa, population (économiquement) active

All people of either sex who furnish the supply of labour for the production of economic goods and services as defined by the United Nations systems of national accounts and balances during a specified time-reference period. According to these systems, the production of economic goods and services includes all production and processing of primary products whether for the market for barter or for own consumption, the production of all other goods and services for the market and, in the case of households that produce such goods and services for the market, the corresponding production for own consumption. [ref. 776]

eligibility conditions condiciones de elegibilidad, conditions d'attribution

The set of legally defined conditions which stipulate if and when a person has the right to claim a benefit. [ref. 8030]

emerging markets mercados emergentes, marchés émergents

Notion characterizing the financial and goods and services markets in fast developing and transition countries, comprising notably the stock exchanges in Latin America, South-East Asia and Eastern Europe. [ref. 8030]

employed person persona empleada, personne employée

The employed comprise all persons above a specified age who, during a specified reference period, were in the following categories:

  • paid employment
  • at work (persons who during the reference period performed some work for wage or salary, in cash or in kind); or
  • with a job but not at work (persons who, having already worked in their present job, were temporarily not at work during the reference period but had a formal attachment to their job). [ref. 8030]
employee empleado, employé

An individual who provides service on a regular basis to a company or business for cash or in kind but not as a part of another business or as a consultant. [ref. 6622]

enrolment , adhésion
episode of illness , épisode de maladie

A period beginning with the appearannce of the first symptoms of an illness and ending with recovery from the illness. An episode of illness may consist of one or more episodes of treatment. [ref. 144]

episode of treatment , épisode de soins

A period beginning with the first contact with a health care provider for a specific health need and ending with the last contact with the health care provider for the same need. [ref. 144]

equity participaciones de capital, [FR: nd]

Share in a business. Most often used as a synonym for common stock of a publicly traded company. [ref. 8030]

essential drug , médicament essentiel
A medicine selected by the World Health Organization (WHO) for its importance in preventing or treating a disease that occurs with high frequency in a given country. Using the list of essential drugs helps to improve health care delivery, ensure the proper use of medicines and reduce health expenses.
European System of Integrated Social Protection Statistics (ESSPROS) Sistema Europeo de Estadísticas Integradas de Protección Social (SEEPROS), Système européen de statistiques intégrées de la protection sociale (SESPROS)

A harmonized framework developed to present in a comparable manner national statistical data on social protection receipts and expenditure, as defined by commonly agreed and uniform criteria. [ref. 8030]

excess burden carga excesiva, [FR: nd]

See: deadweight loss

executive committee comité ejecutivo, comité d'exécution

The executive body of a health micro-insurance scheme generally consisting of members elected from among the board of directors. The executive committee is often the most active body in the scheme, given its responsibility for supervising and organizing all the scheme's activities. [ref. 144]

extended plan , formule étendue
See: benefit plan