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The "unemployed" comprise all people above a specified age who, during the reference period, were:
- "without work", that is, were not in paid employment or self-employment;
- "currently available for work", that is, were available for paid employment or self-employment during the reference period; or
- "seeking work", that is, had taken specific steps in a specified recent period to seek paid employment or self-employment. The specific steps may include the person registering at a public or private employment exchange; sending applications to employers; checking at work-sites, farms, factory gates, markets or other assembly places; placing or answering newspaper advertisements; seeking the assistance of friends or relatives; looking for land, building, machinery or equipment to establish an enterprise; arranging for financial resources; applying for permits and licences, etc. [ref. 776]
Actuarial liability less the amount of the accumulated reserve. [ILO,ISSA,2004,8030].
An association of several health micro-insurance schemes that pool part of their resources in order to provide and/or finance a number of services. These may include support and advice; training; financial services, such as establishing a guarantee fund; and the promotion of social protection with regard to health care. Several unions may form a federation. [ref. 144]
The cost of a unit of service or good in a given category of services (for example, the cost of a "hospital day" per patient). [ILO,ISSA,2004, 8030].
Example: If it is assumed, in the case of a hospitalization, that the unit of service is the number of hospital days, then the relevant information is the number of hospital days and the cost of one hospital day (not the total cost of hospitalization). Additional example: In the case of the provision of medicines, the unit of service employed is often the number of prescriptions. Thus, the relevant information is the number of prescriptions issued (not the number of medicines) and the cost of each prescription (not the individual cost of each medicine). [ILO-STEP, 144]
Tax-financed benefits or transfers that are paid to all citizens or inhabitants falling into a specific category of the population (for example, families with children or people over a certain age). [ILO,ISSA,2004,8030].
The number of cases of treatment or units of care per protected person in a given category of social services. [ILO,ISSA,2004,8030].
Example: A utilization rate of 3.5 for prenatal consultations means that, on average, pregnant women undergo 3.5 prenatal consultations per pregnancy. Additional example: A utilization rate of 1.1 for consultations means that, on average, patients undergo 1.1 consultations over the course of a single episode of illness.
The utilization rate is equal to the number of new cases plus the number of old cases divided by the number of new cases. New cases may be defined as new episodes of illness or new pregnancies "seen" by the health facility staff for the first time. If a patient must return one or more times to undergo treatment in connection with a single episode of illness or pregnancy, these new visits fall under the category of old cases. [ILO-STEP, 144]
See: episode of illness